Lead-Carbon Batteries are discussed in detail in a recent Chemical Reviews journal titled "Electrochemical Energy Storage for Green Grid"

It covers a number of potential technologies for EES that currently exist for varied stationary markets, one being the recently evolved lead-acid batteries, in which the anode is partially or fully replaced by carbon. The carbon in the negative electrodes has led to improved performance and potentially reduced life-cycle cost over traditional lead-acid batteries for stationary storage.

Currently, Axion Power International is developing and commercializing their lead-carbon (PbC®) hybrid technologies.

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Journal Scope
Chemical Reviews is one of the most highly regarded and highest-ranked journals covering the general topic of chemistry.

The mission of Chemical Reviews is to provide comprehensive, authoritative, critical, and readable reviews of important recent research in organic, inorganic, physical, analytical, theoretical, and biological chemistry.

The journal has published since 1985 periodic thematic issues focusing on a single theme or direction of emerging research.

Journal Standing
Chemical Reviews has the highest ISI® Impact Factor in Chemistry at 35.957 and is also a highly cited journal in the category of Multidisciplinary Chemistry with 80,350 total citations, a 15.5% increase, as reported by the 2009 Journal Citation Reports® by Thomson Reuters.